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Duplicate Annihilator

State of Duplicate Annihilator

Enjoy our appreciated newsletter

Interested in getting the latest news from us including a great deal of tips and tricks related to Apples iPhoto, Photos and Aperture? Then why not subscribe to our much appreciated newsletter?

Newsletter archive

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 41

  • New features in Photos 8

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 40

  • Duplicate Annihilator for Photos v8 released
  • How to search, filter, suggest and “facet” your search in Photos.

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 39

  • How to work with People/faces?

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 38

  • Metadata, what is it and how do I use and edit it?

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 37

  • Introducing Duplicate Annihilator 7.5.0 including fix for iCloud and missing files.

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 36

  • Introducing Duplicate Annihilator v7 including copy metadata from duplicates to originals.
  • Smart albums for missing people no longer working
  • Photos 7 and Live Text

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 35

  • Preserve folder and album structure as keywords

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 34

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 33

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 32

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 31

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 30

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 29

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 28

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 27

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 26

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 25

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 24

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 23

  • Working with Duplicate Annihilator for Photos – part 3

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 22

  • Working with Duplicate Annihilator for Photos – part 2

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 21

  • macOS 10.5 Catalina, Photos 5 and Duplicate Annihilator v4
  • Working with Duplicate Annihilator for Photos – part 1

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 20

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 19

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 18

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 17

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 16

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 15

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 14

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 13

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 12

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 11

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 10

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 9

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 8

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 7

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 6

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 5

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 4

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 3

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 2

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 1


My name is Anders and I'm the CEO of Brattoo Propaganda Software. A bit too much time has passed between this and my last newsletter, so much has happened. We dropped all Covid restrictions here in Sweden and just a week later Ukraine was invaded, so we went from a crazy world to an even worse world. We can all just hope for this to end soon. In my last newsletter I wrote about metadata in Photos what it is and how to use and edit it. This time I will carry on with a feature that I get a lot of questions about, the people section.

Take care and stay safe.

What is People?

Photos recognizes faces and it is really, really good at it! The more you use it the better it gets. When I get the question whether Photos is any good at identifying people I usually tell them about my three kids. They looked almost  identical when they were younger, and my wife and I struggle to tell them apart in old photos. Photos though seems to identify them almost spot on, which is impressive to say the very least. And it get’s better and better the more you help the built in algorithms to confirm faces.

So let’s get started with People. If you haven’t used it before you’ll find it in the left frame of the Photos application.

Naming and making favorites

The first thing you should do is to assign names to those who are important to you. The easiest way is to simply move the mouse pointer to the photo and a label will appear where you can add a name:

You can also click on the heart symbol in the photo which will make it a favorite. Favorites are placed on top with a slightly larger image than the rest of the photos.

It is also possible to name a person by double clicking on the photo and then use the “Add name” button on the top

If you have enabled the feature “Show face names” with the menu item View→Show Face Names then you can also assign names directly when browsing your photos.


Merging people

Especially in the beginning Photos may recognise the same person as two different people, and you end up with two (or more) placeholders in the People view of the same person. If that happens, you can merge them either by dragging them to each other, one at a time, or by selecting two or more people placeholders, right click on them and select “Merge People”.

Removing people

Another aspect if cleaning up your people view is removing unwanted people. And that is as easy as merging, just right click on one or a selection of unwanted people and select “Remove People”. Unwanted people will be a reoccurring thing since a photo with unknown and new faces will eventually be detected by Photos. I have to admit that I don’t know if Photos is so smart that once you have removed an unwanted person from the People view, that Photos will not add that person again. If you know, if removed people are automatically removed when new photos are imported, then please let me know.

Training Photos

Photos uses something called Machine Learning to detect faces, this means that by helping it to confirm that a certain photo really contains a certain person. The algorithms get smarter and smarter, and better at detecting and identifying people. This can be done in two ways. If you double click on a person in the People View you might get this request:

Click on Review and you will be presented to a 3x3 grid with photos. Unselect any face that is incorrect and click on done.


Another way of helping the algorithms improve is to scroll down to the bottom of a person’s view and click on “Confirm Additional Faces”. Now you will be presented one photo at a time and you need to confirm if the photo contains the person or not.

Doing this can be quite satisfying as Photos also gives feedback on how many photos are added when confirming a face. In the screenshot above we can see that 51 photos have been added to this person, although I have only confirmed four photos to achieve this. If you accidentally clicked on the wrong button when confirming a face then you can undo it by using the key combination Command+Z or by using the menu Edit→Undo Confirm Face.

Confirming faces can include many photos, so if you want to take a break, you can click on “Done” in the upper right corner to finish confirming photos for now.

Adding undetected faces

Most faces are detected by Photos but sometimes they are not. In that case you can add them manually from the Info window (Command+I) by clicking on the +-icon in the people section.

When you have clicked on the +-icon a ring will appear in the photo. You now need to move and resize that ring so that it covers the face of the unidentified face, and then assign a name to it. It might not be super clear how the ring works so here it is. To move the ring, click and drag anywhere in the ring. To resize it click and drag the knob on the right part of the ring. You can also assign a name and delete the manually added face.

Why use People?

There are many reasons why you should add metadata to your photos. My favorite use for persons is to create a smart album that only lists the members of my family. Since Photos automatically detects people, and smart albums update automatically, the album is always up to date automatically. Just remember to set it to match any condition, otherwise it will only show photos where all family members are in that same photo which might be a bit rare.

Another thing is the memories that Photos automatically creates. Every now and then a memory is created based on an identified person. If you don’t want Photos to create memories of a certain person then you can go to the people view and double click on that person and scroll down to the bottom and click on “Feature this Person Less”.

If you feel that you have clicked on “Feature this Person Less” a little too much or on too many people, then you can always reset this by clicking on “Reset Suggested People” in the Photos Preferences.


Unnamed People

Is there an easy way to locate photos where there are unnamed people? I have written about this before in a previous newsletter (issue 36 issue 34 and issue 10) and it has from time to time been possible to do this by creating a smart album.

When macOS 12.3 was released Mick from North Carolina emailed me telling me that the smart album trick once again seems to work. And I can confirm that it does seem to work. An interesting aspect this time seems to be that it also lists photos with people where there are no “unnamed” placeholders, as if it has detected the persons but not the faces. It would be interesting to hear if this trick works for you or not, so try it and email me.

People and third party applications

So, you have spent a lot of effort identifying people in Photos. Can those be used by a third party application somehow? Yes, but it depends on how you export them from Photos. If you drag a photo from Photos to the desktop the information about the people will not be included. If you use the File→Export→Export Photo then the names of the people in the photo will be included in the metadata of the photo. For those of you who like to dig down in technical details, it will be stored in iptcExt:PersonInImage which is the correct and expected place. But beware when using the File→Export→Export Unmodified Original and the checkbox “Export IPTC as XMP” the people in the photos are exported as keywords, instead of PersonInImage. Very unexpected for us who work with those kind of things.

Apple, if you are reading this…

I know that there are people at Apple reading this newsletter, and I know that there are people at the Photos team at Apple that read this, so here is a suggestion of improvement for you. Your algorithm identifies my almost identical kids nearly spot on. Sometimes it does mistakes though, especially in photos of newborns. So here is an idea for you, use the photo date as well. Let’s say that I have confirmed a thousand photos of my son when he is in the age of about 0 to 1 years old. I know that your algorithms can identify that those are pictures of a really small child since you automatically create memories of his first year. So with this in mind, isn’t it highly unlikely that he would appear in photos where the photo date is five years earlier than those of his birth? Isn’t it more likely that those photos are of someone else, perhaps one of his siblings?

The photo date would also be really nice to have in the “Confirm additional Photos view”, it would help a lot to figure out who’s in the photo.

Another thing that would be truly awesome in the People view would be the ability to group people like “the Smith family” or “colleagues” and so on. Another aspect would be the ability to relate persons in the people view such as father, mother, sister, brother, son. It would open up for completely new ways of organizing and use photos. Grouping people can be done with smart libraries, as described in a previous newsletter, but I think that it would be really nice to be able to do it in the People view.

1 on 1 training sessions

It is indeed great fun to meet you guys in my 1 on 1 training sessions. If you haven’t tried, it but feel that it might be something for you, please feel free to email me. The training sessions can be about anything and will be customized based on your requests. I have over 25 years of experience in the Mac platform, I have been an Apple Solution Expert and have held training in various software over the years. Training sessions are on request by contacting me at training@brattoo.com. Each session is 1 hour and costs 79 USD. If you want to learn more about something, email me at training@brattoo.com and we’ll work out a session just for you.

The free apps section

As I have mentioned in previous letters we have received requests on how to automate some tasks in Apple Photos or tasks related to photos. Those tasks might be tedious to work out manually but are easy for us to solve. The apps include a tool to set the Photos Titles based on the filename (with or without file extension), a tool to copy and apply GPS coordinates between photos, a tool to copy XMP sidecars to image files and finally a utility to set the correct file dates on image files based on the photo date stored in the metadata within the image files. You’ll find all our free apps at https://free.brattoo.com.

This newsletter and previous letters

Several of our readers have requested that we resend previous emails so that they could catch up on earlier tips and information. All previous emails are available online in our Newsletter section at https://newsletter.brattoo.com

License upgrade - final call?

It was supposed to be the final call for discounted upgrades and we did discontinue it for a short period but received so many requests so we decided to open it up again. After all, we do try to be nice guys.

For only $4.95 you can upgrade any old Duplicate Annihilator license to Duplicate Annihilator for Photos and for just three dollars($3.00) more you can upgrade any old Duplicate Annihilator license to the Duplicate Annihilator Toolbox including a family pack! This means that you get five licenses for you and your family for all versions of Duplicate Annihilator including iPhoto, Aperture, iOS and Photos for only $7.95.

Get the upgrade from: https://upgrade.brattoo.com

Support the creation of these newsletters by becoming a Patreon!

If you enjoy these newsletters and want to support the creation of them, then please consider becoming a monthly contributor by signing up to become a Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/brattoo. Patreons gets access to videos of hints and tips from my newsletters.

Thank you for your time, I hope that you found this email informative. If you have any feedback, suggestions, questions or ideas then please reply to this email. I read all emails and reply to them in person. And, don't forget to stay safe.

Best Regards,
Anders, CEO and Founder, Brattoo Propaganda Software

What our subscribers say

I just wanted to email and say that I really enjoy these detailed emails you send out. I will definitely use you again in the future. Thank you Anders.”

Thank you for your email and taking the time to write a few tips on using Photos. I did actually learn a few new features from your list, which are quite useful.”

Thank you Anders, for all your useful information”

Thank you. Useful info. ”

I have been using Annihilator now for some time, and I have always found it very impressive that you personally write and answer all your emails. I get hundreds of emails, many from companies like yours, but yours are always so well written, with a real personal touch, that I try and make time to read them!”

Yours is one of the few unsolicited e-mails (Spam is such a rude term) I don't mind getting. I appreciate your casual style and the fact that you offer free software and advice. In fact, once I finish this note to you, I plan to order your upgrade even though I may never use it.”

hi anders, GREAT informative email, thx.”

I just wanted to thank you for your newsletter. It is so genuinely helpful and positive. A pleasure to read.”

I really enjoy your newsletters and appreciate the helpful information you provide.”

Thanks a lot for all those informations. Very interesting and clear!”

Thank you for your work. Very helpful. ”

I wanted to say this was the easiest and best 'read' on iPhoto/photo I have seen yet. As a community college president, I don't have time to read most secondary mail. However, once I started, I finished yours. And BTW, love your sw/apps. Thank you.”

You are the best!! Thanks again for what really is a public service.”

This letter letter was very interesting. If not too much work would you send me Parts 1 and 2, please?”

I am a loyal customer, and follower of Brattoo newsletters. I always look forward to getting your updates, and I am amazed at how brilliant you and your staff are at problem solving. ”

I have to thank you for this specific news letter as it is way above and beyond any previous one in my estimation!”

As always, I look forward to your next newsletter.”

The Photos tips are a big help - we own so much tech with our Apples and use so little of it.”

Thanks for your email regarding the trials and tribulations of living with iPhoto and its new mother Sierra MAC OS.”

Great newsletter as usual!!”

First of all thx very much for your precious newsletters. I have sent them to friends as example of perfect Newsletter, how it should be and is of most value to readers.”

Thank you Anders for your recent email; wow, what comprehensive detail about everything! I have saved it for future reference, but I applaud your desire to inform all your customers about the changes. Thank you.”

Thank you, Anders, for your informative newsletter. I have to admit that I haven’t read any of the newsletters before this one. I didn’t understand that they were full of information - and not just advertising. Now, I wish I had the previous 4 newsletters to read through and learn about Photos.”

"Donner pour recevoir" as we say in french! I like the way you give advices. I read your email up to the end.”

Thanks. Very informative and well written.”

Thank you . very useful information!!”

I have always learned from your newsletters and appreciated the personal voice you give them. I encourage you to keep sharing with us.”

Thanks, Anders. Very helpful indeed. ”

I really appreciate the effort you put in to these messages: you answer questions that I hadn't thought to ask yet, and inject a bit of wonder back into my daily interactions with my computer.”

I appreciate the unusual quality and personal touch of your newsletters.”

I just wanted to compliment you and your company on how you conduct business. Your letter to your users is most welcome.”

I love your emails they are short and fascinating full of straight talking, awesome.”

Thanks a lot for your highly informative newsletter.”

Many thanks for your continued communication. You must be the most communicative CEO who ever existed and I, for one, greatly appreciate it.”

Your tip on dragging to email is terrific, i was exporting to new email and then dragging…… 👍”

I just wanted to say, of all the emails I get from all the different companies I’ve bought software from over the years, yours are my absolute favourite, and I always read them all the way through because I know I’ll learn something useful. ”

First of all thanks for your very informative mails - I do enjoy them and have learned one thing or the other in almost every mail.”

Thanks Anders, That information was very helpful.”

Thank you for your fantastic support of your products and especially your State of Duplicate Annihilator email series. You set an example that very few developers come close to matching. ”

Very useful comments and tips which I have taken on board.”

Thank you for your ever helpful newsletters. I archive them all as a future reference.”

Thank you. This was very informative. I appreciate the help.”

Thank you for such and informative update and reviewing previous questions especially the deleting photos.”

I love your newsletters, and always learn lot from them.”

Excellent informative letter. Well written. Very useful. A breath of fresh air in this impersonal world.”

It’s always a pleasure reading your update emails. Very few people write with such clarity and simplicity. I find myself enjoying the writing even if the subject isn’t immediately relevant.”

Thanks for the note. I found it very informative. It answered several question I was wondering about. Please continue these updates.”

I really appreciate these emails - I read every one, and I thank you for writing these, and for your great software!”

I can't thank you enough for your programs and your news letters. They are invaluable to me.”

Absolutely love getting this newsletter. Thank you for all the invaluable Photos info and keep up the great work!”

Thanks so much for this email. I read every one of your messages (I am a major Apple Photos user) and find so much value in your emails. ”

Thank you these are very informative newsletters!”

Finally got into your excellent and especially informative newsletter.”

I am writing to tell you that I really appreciate these emails from you. Not because they are directly applicable to my needs, but because they are intelligent, informative, and generous.”

Thank you for sending me this information.”

From Bogota, Colombia I just wanted to thank you for these very thoughtful news letter.”

Love your newsletters, most informative and helpful!”

Dear Anders, thank you for your very thoughtful and informative email.”

Bortsett fra Apple, er vel du den som kan Photos best. Takk for kjempeflotte nyhetsbrev og uerstattelige funksjoner. ”

Very much appreciate the newsletter.”

Thanks very much for all the info!”

Thank you so much for your newsletters and your efforts to destress my life!!”

THANK YOU for this email !! I do hope it's part of a series that will continue, as it's the clearest, most direct and concise software explanation I've ever read. You're writing in a voice that I TRUST.”

As always, a fantastic newsletter!”

Thanks for these very useful explanations”

Just wanted to say- I enjoy your email newsletters. I get so many that I delete immediately or unsubscribe but I almost always enjoy yours and find at least one nugget of info I didn’t know.”

Thank you very much for all that information! It is very useful.”

Dear Sir, you have not idea how “happy” I am to receive your recent email.”

I just want to say thank you for sending me all the updates, I appreciate it, It's a great example of good service.”

Thanks for your updates on Photos, it does help to get another perspective on the use of the program.”

Thank you for your informative emails. They are always good to read and the tips within are valid and very useful.”

I am impressed by the fact that you have spent time and effort to explain in simple terms what it will do and how to do it in such a way that we don’t have to sit scratching our heads when we first come across it. Let other developers take note and imitate.”

I just wanted to say thank you for your newsletter and all your tips and hard work with the apps.”

I wish other software companies were as helpful and friendly as Brattoo Propaganda Software.”

I always enjoy your breezy, friendly letters and appreciate so much the way you get back on issues.”

I really enjoy reading your informative and personable emails, and no, I'm not just a saddo geek who doesn't have a real life ;) but I do find your occasional emails useful and entertaining.”

Thank you for yr very informative e-mail. Becoz you composed it so well, i gained a lot by reading it. ”

Very useful information. Thank you.”

Hello Anders! this newsletter was very helpful, thank you!”

I am truly grateful to you for your excellent software and extremely helpful newsletter.”

Thank you too, for the newsletters and the in-depth information you find for us about how our photographs live and change on our devices and across all their various networks: I feel the time when this was a simple thing to understand has long passed, and your messages make a huge difference to our understanding. You write clearly, concisely, and with authority, and I really appreciate the effort that you and your team put in.”

Keep up the good work!”

Thank you for explaining the definitive aspects of Photo and iPhoto and for the pointing out the various sidebar settings. With much appreciation for keeping us users informed.”

thanks for this infol! and thanks for developing great software.”

Thank you very much for your email I have wondered for some time about the different between All Photos and the Photo View.”

Anders - I treasure your emails! Thank you for keeping us informed.”

Thank you, Anders. Interesting and helpful information - as always!”

Great newsletter.”

The Search information was very helpful. Thank you.”

I just want to thank you for your email updates.”

Thanks for your excellent series of newsletters.”

Your emails are excellent. Thank you.”

Thanks for all those clarifications.”

Much appreciated, Anders.”

These emails are great. They would also make a good video series!”

This e-mail was very useful.”

I just wanted you to know I appreciate your newsletter, especially the useful tips you provided. Your tone and writing style is a refreshing change from the typical emails I get from software developers (and other vendors).”

Thank you for your very informative newsletters!”

I just finished binge reading all of your absolutely USEFUL and INFORMATIVE newsletters (all 19 parts)! What a great job you do informing your users and what a FANTASTIC job your Team does for your users.”

Thank you for good info!!”

Wow! Thank you for writing a clear and concise review and status of your software update and beyond! Well done!”

I actually read this whole message and appreciate the time you took to write it!”

Great email! I appreciate that you appreciate the Photos difficulties.”

I found this email most informative, very! Perhaps you should consider doing more of these in the future...good advertising and helpful.”

Thank you very much for your informative emails. Highly appreciated!”

The data you have surfaced and the explanations are fantastic!”

Thanks for your newsletter! Old skool but delightfully filled with wisdom!”