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Duplicate Annihilator

State of Duplicate Annihilator

Enjoy our appreciated newsletter

Interested in getting the latest news from us including a great deal of tips and tricks related to Apples iPhoto, Photos and Aperture? Then why not subscribe to our much appreciated newsletter?

Newsletter archive

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 41

  • New features in Photos 8

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 40

  • Duplicate Annihilator for Photos v8 released
  • How to search, filter, suggest and “facet” your search in Photos.

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 39

  • How to work with People/faces?

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 38

  • Metadata, what is it and how do I use and edit it?

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 37

  • Introducing Duplicate Annihilator 7.5.0 including fix for iCloud and missing files.

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 36

  • Introducing Duplicate Annihilator v7 including copy metadata from duplicates to originals.
  • Smart albums for missing people no longer working
  • Photos 7 and Live Text

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 35

  • Preserve folder and album structure as keywords

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 34

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 33

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 32

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 31

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 30

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 29

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 28

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 27

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 26

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 25

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 24

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 23

  • Working with Duplicate Annihilator for Photos – part 3

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 22

  • Working with Duplicate Annihilator for Photos – part 2

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 21

  • macOS 10.5 Catalina, Photos 5 and Duplicate Annihilator v4
  • Working with Duplicate Annihilator for Photos – part 1

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 20

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 19

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 18

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 17

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 16

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 15

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 14

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 13

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 12

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 11

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 10

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 9

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 8

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 7

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 6

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 5

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 4

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 3

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 2

State of Duplicate Annihilator – part 1


My name is Anders and I'm the CEO of Brattoo Propaganda Software. I’n my last newsletter I wrote about how to improve your search skills in Photos by using Suggest and Facets. This time I will have a look at what is new in Photos 8 that comes with macOS 13 Ventura, released as a public beta this summer and as final product later this year. With Photos 8 Apple really catches up and implements a lot of really requested features. I hope that you will find this interesting.

Take care and stay safe.

Photos 8 – copy and paste location

This is a feature that has been requested for decades dating back to iPhoto and Aperture when it was quite common that you took photos with a camera without built in GPS and thereby your photos had no meta data of where they were shot. A common trick was to take a photo with your iPhone to keep the location and then copy that location into the photo shot with your other camera with better optics. This was done using third party applications such as our free software Photos Set Longitude and Latitude which is available for download from https://free.brattoo.com. Now, with Photos 8 that is a built in feature and you can access it with the menu item: Image→Location→Copy Location.

Photos 8 – copy and paste edits

Another much requested feature which, if I remember things correctly, you could do in Aperture. So let’s say that you shot a series of photos in the same location with the same lighting. You open one of the photos in Photos and carefully apply edits and adjustments to get that perfect color/luminance/balance that you want in your photo. It turns out great and now you just have to do the exact same edits for every other photo from that photo session. This was extremely time consuming and tiresome and often we just gave up or procrastinated. However, with Photos we can finally copy all the edits from one photo into other photos. This makes it much easier to touch up many photos the way you want them. You will find this new feature in the menu item: Image→Copy Edits. Not all edits are copied though, some things like cropping are not copied. 

In this screenshot you might see another new feature, that is the Remove Auto Enhancement. This can also be nice since up until now many of us just went for the Auto Enhancement on our photos, since the copy and paste edits were not available. If you have used Auto enhancement, and applied your own edits, Photos seems to know which ones have been done by the Auto Enhancement feature! So only those remain, and keeps the additional edits done by you. 

Photos 8 – Password protected hidden and deleted files

I have previously written about the hidden feature in Photos where you can hide photos so that they don’t appear in your library, but you still have the option to show them. A nice alternative to deletion, and I usually compare this feature with how we used to deal with photos before the digital age. The good photos we put in an album, the other ones we put in a box but we didn’t throw them away. There might be other reasons why we delete and hide photos as well and sometimes it is because we don’t want others to be able to access them. With Photos 8 it is now possible to password protect both the hidden and the deleted photos so that no one but yourself can access them. This also goes for smart albums that lists photos which are hidden.

Photos 8 – Shared Library

This is the number one most asked for feature ever! How do I share my Photos library with my family? Until now we have had the option to use the Shared Albums feature in Photos which was terrible, to put it mildly. Now we have this new feature called Shared Library. This new feature was presented at WWDC on the 6th of June and was just recently released in macOS 13 beta 3 for registered developers. Initially it seems pretty straight forward, but once you start digging into it it gets more and more complicated. So I have spent the last week trying to grasp all aspects of it and I have come to the conclusion that I will give its brief overlook here, and dedicate my next newsletter to a deep dive into this new abyss.

In short you can create a Shared library and invite up to five other persons to participate in it. They will be able to browse, add, edit and delete the photos in that shared library as they please. When enabling Shared Library your library is split in two iCloud libraries that lives closely together, a private and a shared library. Perhaps two separate libraries isn’t the right word either, perhaps we should think of them as buckets or channels or something in those terms. Either way, you have a private place and a shared place to put your images. A photo can’t exist in both the private and the public library without being duplicated.

In Photos you can choose to show only the private, the shared or both libraries.

When you create a shared library you will be asked which photos you want to move to the shared  library. A nice touch is the ability to choose photos based on people.

If you are not sharing all your hotos the Photos will start to give you a suggestion on what you might want to share. This also happens for those who you share your library with, so that they can start to add content.

So, to keeps things short; this is a Pandoras box and raises a lot of questions like what happens if you get invitations to multiple libraries, what happens if you invite the one who invited you. Will you get duplicates if invited users start to add photos to your share library, or do they get the duplicates and so on? So I’ll stop here and get back to this in my next newsletter.

Photos 8 - detecting duplicates

Yes, that is right Photos finally got duplicate detection. 20 years ago iPhoto was released and the year after, in 2003, the first version of Duplicate Annihilator was released. So, needless to say, this will be bad for my business. So let’s bite the bullet and compare Duplicate Annihilator to Photos built in duplicate detection.

Photos seems to detect duplicates with an algorithm similar to the Perceptive mode in Duplicate Annihilator. That means that duplicates are detected based on content rather than binary data. So that photo that looks the same, even if they are in different resolution, compression or format are detected as duplicates. This also means that you can’t tell Photos to detect only exact duplicates which you can do in  Duplicate Annihilator. I’ll get back to this later and why Duplicate Annihilator does this better.

When a set of duplicates are detected, Photos keeps the one with the highest quality as the original. This means that HEIC is kept over JPEG and RAW is kept over JPEG. This is how both Photos and Duplicate Annihilator work. Both applications also try to keep the one with the highest resolution as the original. However, I have encountered a few cases where Photos decides to keep the low resolution photos as the original. Why this is is hard to tell, but we have to keep in mind that Photos is still in beta when I tested this.

The next important thing is the merging of metadata such as titles, location, captions, keywords and albums. Both Duplicate Annihilator and Photos does this, however Photos does not merge the titles. Photos seems to choose one of the titles, and it seems to be a bit random which one it chooses. The same goes for modified dates and location, it seems a bit random which one is kept in Photos. There are ways to determine which one to keep which we do in Duplicate Annihilator, but since I know that people in the Apple Photos development team are reading this, I won’t tell how it is done.

Why use Duplicate Annihilator?

With the built in duplicate detection this is reasonable question. Here are some benefits with Duplicate Annihilator:

Everything on one sweepDuplicate Annihilator will scan your whole library and then it is done. Photos seems to do its scan in the background and every now and then it detects duplicates even among photos imported a long time ago. This also means that the duplicate detection in Photos is probably dependent on the same background process that does other analyses. Other analyses such as people detection and as many of us know this process can hang and be impossible to start.

Detect only exact duplicates – Both Duplicate Annihilator and Photos can detect duplicates based on perceptual aspects of the photos, what it looks like. But this also means that if you want to keep both the HDR and non HDR version or the JPEG and RAW version of the same photo then you can’t in Photos, but you can with Duplicate Annihilator.

Perceptual hash effectiveness – Perceptual hashes have both pros and cons, the pros are that they can detect photos that looks the same, the con is that this is quite complex and you might get false duplicates. I have only tested Photos duplicate detection for a few days and found some issues with false positives:

In this test I used a library containing 642 photos. Photos found 7 duplicates in which two were false, Duplicate Annihilator found 22 which all turned out to be correct. So with that in mind, it is wise to be a bit careful before going all in and merge all duplicates detected in Photos. But, as I previously wrote, Photos 8 is still in beta and things might change.

Duplicate Annihilator for Photos – still going strong

In Duplicate Annihilator for Photos v8.3.0 we added support for Mac OS 13 Ventura and Photos 8 which means that Duplicate Annihilator is now the only product on the market which supports duplicate detection in all eight major releases of Photos stretching over nine major releases of MacOSX and macOS. Get it from https://brattoo.com/#photos

1 on 1 training sessions

It is indeed great fun to meet you guys in my 1 on 1 training sessions. If you haven’t tried, it but feel that it might be something for you, please feel free to email me. The training sessions can be about anything and will be customized based on your requests. I have over 25 years of experience in the Mac platform, I have been an Apple Solution Expert and have held training in various software over the years. Training sessions are on request by contacting me at training@brattoo.com. Each session is 1 hour and costs 79 USD. If you want to learn more about something, email me at training@brattoo.com and we’ll work out a session just for you.

The free apps section

As I have mentioned in previous letters we have received requests on how to automate some tasks in Apple Photos or tasks related to photos. Those tasks might be tedious to work out manually but are easy for us to solve. The apps include a tool to set the Photos Titles based on the filename (with or without file extension), a tool to copy and apply GPS coordinates between photos, a tool to copy XMP sidecars to image files and finally a utility to set the correct file dates on image files based on the photo date stored in the metadata within the image files. You’ll find all our free apps at https://free.brattoo.com.

This newsletter and previous letters

Several of our readers have requested that we resend previous emails so that they could catch up on earlier tips and information. All previous emails are available online in our Newsletter section at https://newsletter.brattoo.com

License upgrade - final call?

It was supposed to be the final call for discounted upgrades and we did discontinue it for a short period but received so many requests so we decided to open it up again. After all, we do try to be nice guys.

For only $4.95 you can upgrade any old Duplicate Annihilator license to Duplicate Annihilator for Photos and for just three dollars($3.00) more you can upgrade any old Duplicate Annihilator license to the Duplicate Annihilator Toolbox including a family pack! This means that you get five licenses for you and your family for all versions of Duplicate Annihilator including iPhoto, Aperture, iOS and Photos for only $7.95.

Get the upgrade from: https://upgrade.brattoo.com

Support the creation of these newsletters by becoming a Patreon!

If you enjoy these newsletters and want to support the creation of them, then please consider becoming a monthly contributor by signing up to become a Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/brattoo. Patreons will get access to my monthly zoom get together where we can ask questions and learn new things related to Photos and Duplicate Annihilator.

Thank you for your time, I hope that you found this email informative. If you have any feedback, suggestions, questions or ideas then please reply to this email. I read all emails and reply to them in person. And, don't forget to stay safe.

Best Regards,
Anders, CEO and Founder, Brattoo Propaganda Software

What our subscribers say

Thanks very much for all the info!”

Thank you, Anders, for your informative newsletter. I have to admit that I haven’t read any of the newsletters before this one. I didn’t understand that they were full of information - and not just advertising. Now, I wish I had the previous 4 newsletters to read through and learn about Photos.”

First of all thx very much for your precious newsletters. I have sent them to friends as example of perfect Newsletter, how it should be and is of most value to readers.”

Thanks for your email regarding the trials and tribulations of living with iPhoto and its new mother Sierra MAC OS.”

Hello Anders! this newsletter was very helpful, thank you!”

I really appreciate the effort you put in to these messages: you answer questions that I hadn't thought to ask yet, and inject a bit of wonder back into my daily interactions with my computer.”

I just wanted you to know I appreciate your newsletter, especially the useful tips you provided. Your tone and writing style is a refreshing change from the typical emails I get from software developers (and other vendors).”

I have to thank you for this specific news letter as it is way above and beyond any previous one in my estimation!”

Thank you too, for the newsletters and the in-depth information you find for us about how our photographs live and change on our devices and across all their various networks: I feel the time when this was a simple thing to understand has long passed, and your messages make a huge difference to our understanding. You write clearly, concisely, and with authority, and I really appreciate the effort that you and your team put in.”

Thank you . very useful information!!”

These emails are great. They would also make a good video series!”

Thank you for such and informative update and reviewing previous questions especially the deleting photos.”

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As always, a fantastic newsletter!”

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THANK YOU for this email !! I do hope it's part of a series that will continue, as it's the clearest, most direct and concise software explanation I've ever read. You're writing in a voice that I TRUST.”

Thanks so much for this email. I read every one of your messages (I am a major Apple Photos user) and find so much value in your emails. ”

I just want to say thank you for sending me all the updates, I appreciate it, It's a great example of good service.”

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As always, I look forward to your next newsletter.”

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This letter letter was very interesting. If not too much work would you send me Parts 1 and 2, please?”

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Wow! Thank you for writing a clear and concise review and status of your software update and beyond! Well done!”

I am impressed by the fact that you have spent time and effort to explain in simple terms what it will do and how to do it in such a way that we don’t have to sit scratching our heads when we first come across it. Let other developers take note and imitate.”

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Thank you for sending me this information.”

I just wanted to email and say that I really enjoy these detailed emails you send out. I will definitely use you again in the future. Thank you Anders.”

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Great email! I appreciate that you appreciate the Photos difficulties.”

Bortsett fra Apple, er vel du den som kan Photos best. Takk for kjempeflotte nyhetsbrev og uerstattelige funksjoner. ”

Thanks. Very informative and well written.”

thanks for this infol! and thanks for developing great software.”

Thank you for your informative emails. They are always good to read and the tips within are valid and very useful.”

Yours is one of the few unsolicited e-mails (Spam is such a rude term) I don't mind getting. I appreciate your casual style and the fact that you offer free software and advice. In fact, once I finish this note to you, I plan to order your upgrade even though I may never use it.”

Thanks for your excellent series of newsletters.”

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Thanks for all those clarifications.”

Great newsletter.”

I just wanted to say, of all the emails I get from all the different companies I’ve bought software from over the years, yours are my absolute favourite, and I always read them all the way through because I know I’ll learn something useful. ”

hi anders, GREAT informative email, thx.”

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I am a loyal customer, and follower of Brattoo newsletters. I always look forward to getting your updates, and I am amazed at how brilliant you and your staff are at problem solving. ”

Keep up the good work!”

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Thank you very much for your email I have wondered for some time about the different between All Photos and the Photo View.”

The data you have surfaced and the explanations are fantastic!”

Just wanted to say- I enjoy your email newsletters. I get so many that I delete immediately or unsubscribe but I almost always enjoy yours and find at least one nugget of info I didn’t know.”

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Thank you Anders for your recent email; wow, what comprehensive detail about everything! I have saved it for future reference, but I applaud your desire to inform all your customers about the changes. Thank you.”

I wanted to say this was the easiest and best 'read' on iPhoto/photo I have seen yet. As a community college president, I don't have time to read most secondary mail. However, once I started, I finished yours. And BTW, love your sw/apps. Thank you.”

I have been using Annihilator now for some time, and I have always found it very impressive that you personally write and answer all your emails. I get hundreds of emails, many from companies like yours, but yours are always so well written, with a real personal touch, that I try and make time to read them!”

I just finished binge reading all of your absolutely USEFUL and INFORMATIVE newsletters (all 19 parts)! What a great job you do informing your users and what a FANTASTIC job your Team does for your users.”

Thank you for your email and taking the time to write a few tips on using Photos. I did actually learn a few new features from your list, which are quite useful.”

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I have always learned from your newsletters and appreciated the personal voice you give them. I encourage you to keep sharing with us.”

I found this email most informative, very! Perhaps you should consider doing more of these in the future...good advertising and helpful.”

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Thank you for yr very informative e-mail. Becoz you composed it so well, i gained a lot by reading it. ”

Your tip on dragging to email is terrific, i was exporting to new email and then dragging…… 👍”

Thank you for explaining the definitive aspects of Photo and iPhoto and for the pointing out the various sidebar settings. With much appreciation for keeping us users informed.”

Great newsletter as usual!!”

The Search information was very helpful. Thank you.”

Thank you for your ever helpful newsletters. I archive them all as a future reference.”

Thanks for the note. I found it very informative. It answered several question I was wondering about. Please continue these updates.”

I really enjoy reading your informative and personable emails, and no, I'm not just a saddo geek who doesn't have a real life ;) but I do find your occasional emails useful and entertaining.”

Thank you, Anders. Interesting and helpful information - as always!”

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I wish other software companies were as helpful and friendly as Brattoo Propaganda Software.”

Very useful comments and tips which I have taken on board.”

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The Photos tips are a big help - we own so much tech with our Apples and use so little of it.”

Thanks, Anders. Very helpful indeed. ”

Thanks for your newsletter! Old skool but delightfully filled with wisdom!”